At risk of Diabetes

Patients who have been diagnosed as pre diabetic can be referred to the Healthier You service; please contact the Diabetes Team at the surgery to be referred.

What does being at risk of diabetes mean for me?

This means you have high blood sugar levels but not yet as high as in Type 2 Diabetes. There are usually no warning signs until tested. Lifestyle changes can lower blood sugar levels making you healthier and lessening the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes.

What are the risk factors to be concerned about?

• Being overweight, taking little exercise, eating high fat or sugary foods and smoking increase your health risks.

• Having had gestational diabetes during pregnancy.

• Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

Good news! You can lower sugar levels and risk

• Changing your diet, taking more exercise and stopping smoking all lower your risk. You do not need special foods. Aim for low fat, high fibre and plenty of starchy foods, fruit and vegetables.

• Plenty of fruit and vegetables. Fill half your dinner plate with vegetables!

• Eat whole grain bread and pasta

• Eat red meat once a week and more chicken or fish. 2 portions of oily fish per week (salmon /tuna) lowers heart risks.

• Cook from fresh and eat less pre-packaged meals.

• Eat less sweets or salty foods. Don’t add salt to food. Avoid sugary drinks

• Alcohol = maximum 2 units per day for men and women. 1 unit = 25 ml spirit shot, ½ pint of beer. 1 pub measure small glass of wine =1.5units.

• If you are able, try to take 30 minutes exercise at least 5 days per week that gets you mildly out of breath .This can be spread through the day rather than all at once.

The listed information links provided detailed further help.

How will I know if my health risk is increasing?

You will be offered an annual repeat sugar level test – called an HbA1c blood test – by your surgery team. You will be advised if further advice from your doctor is needed. Your surgery is happy to answer any more questions you may have after reading the advice sources.

In the meantime if you develop any symptoms of diabetes, visit your doctor sooner. Symptoms include excess thirst or passing urine, tiredness, weight loss and feeling unwell. Symptoms tend to develop over weeks or months.

Where can I get more advice?

www.diabetes.org.uk/preventing-type-2-diabetes

www.diabetes.co.uk/diabetes-prevention/

www.nhs.uk/livewell/healthy-eating/Pages/Healthyeating.aspx

For further advice please contact the Diabetes Team at the surgery 01299402157